Iceberg killing fields limit huge potential for benthic blue carbon in Antarctic shallows

first_imgClimate-forced ice losses are increasing potential for iceberg-seabed collisions, termed ice scour. At Ryder Bay, West Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) sea ice, oceanography, phytoplankton and encrusting zoobenthos have been monitored since 1998. In 2003, grids of seabed markers, covering 225 m2, were established, surveyed and replaced annually to measure ice scour frequency. Disturbance history has been recorded for each m2 of seabed monitored at 5–25 m for ~13 years. Encrusting fauna, collected from impacted and nonimpacted metres each year, show coincident benthos responses in growth, mortality and mass of benthic immobilized carbon. Encrusting benthic growth was mainly determined by microalgal bloom duration; each day, nanophytoplankton exceeded 200 μg L−1 produced ~0.05 mm radial growth of bryozoans, and sea temperature >0 °C added 0.002 mm day−1. Mortality and persistence of growth, as benthic carbon immobilization, were mainly influenced by ice scour. Nearly 30% of monitored seabed was hit each year, and just 7% of shallows were not hit. Hits in deeper water were more deadly, but less frequent, so mortality decreased with depth. Five-year recovery time doubled benthic carbon stocks. Scour-driven mortality varied annually, with two-thirds of all monitored fauna killed in a single year (2009). Reduced fast ice after 2006 ramped iceberg scouring, killing half the encrusting benthos each year in following years. Ice scour coupled with low phytoplankton biomass drove a phase shift to high mortality and depressed zoobenthic immobilized carbon stocks, which has persevered for 10 years since. Stocks of immobilized benthic carbon averaged nearly 15 g m−2. WAP ice scouring may be recycling 80 000 tonnes of carbon yr−1. Without scouring, such carbon would remain immobilized and the 2.3% of shelf which are shallows could be as productive as all the remaining continental shelf. The region’s future, when glaciers reach grounding lines and iceberg production diminishes, is as a major global sink of carbon storage.last_img read more

Ikoyi Club 1938 Lady Golfers Elect Officers

first_imgAs stipulated by the Golf section rules, the AGM was conducted by the Vice Captain of the Golf Section, Mr. Bayo Alli and another officer Mr. Oluremi Olukoya, with over 80 eligible golfing ladies of the sub-section in attendance.Other officers on the committee are: Mrs. Candy Agu- Lady Vice Captain, Mrs. Irene Ubah – Honorary Secretary; Mrs. Abah Oputa – Honorary Treasurer; Mrs. Meenakshi Kumar – Competition Secretary; Mrs. Gloria Joel-Onowakpor and Mrs. Mercy Kuye – Joint Handicap Secretary; Mrs. Tinu Feshitan – Social Secretary; Mrs. Edith Udegbe and Mrs. Ify Onukwuba – Joint Publicity Secretary.In her acceptance speech, the new Lady Captain congratulated the outgoing Lady Captain Ms Tosin David for a successful tenure.She thanked all the ladies for turning out in their numbers to vote in the new committee. She said this is significant as it shows the love for the game of golf and the growing interest among the ladies in the affairs of the golf section. ‘Let us all move past the elections and work together as a team,’ she said.Iyiola promised that ‘transparency and fairness’ would be her watchword in the running of the affairs of the subsection. She said, we will be transparent and carry you along in all we do. Nothing will be hidden.”Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegram Mrs. Ronke Iyiola has emerged leader of the Lady Golfers’ sub-section of Ikoyi Club 1938.Iyiola became the new leader after winning a keenly contested election at the club’s Annual General Meeting. She will oversee the affairs of the section for the next one year.last_img read more

Goldsmiths, University of London Signs Articulation Agreement for SPSCC Graduates Studying…

first_imgFacebook0Tweet0Pin0Submitted by South Puget Sound Community CollegeSouth Puget Sound Community College along with Goldsmiths, University of London has implemented a new articulation agreement for studies in Politics.  The agreement allows qualified SPSCC graduates to transfer into Goldsmiths’ Bachelor of Arts in Politics program with advanced standing.The agreement was formalized earlier this month when representatives from SPSCC met at Goldsmiths, University of London to sign the agreement.This agreement offers numerous benefits to SPSCC graduates, including:Students aiming to attain a bachelor’s degree in Politics can swiftly enter into the program with advanced standing (meaning they will transfer into year two of the three-year program).Students seeking international experiences can enjoy studying in London.Students get work experience as part of the degree; several students have been placed in prestigious agencies, such as the Mayor of London’s office.Current exchange rates offer tuition levels that are comparable to local public universities, such as the University of Washington.Interest in this agreement was sparked in spring of 2015 when Goldsmiths’ International Recruitment Manager, Ms. Louise Blair, contacted SPSCC.  Blair met with Professor of Anthropology and Assistant to the President for Internationalization, Dr. Patrick Chapman, and concluded that an agreement for Politics would be a good fit.  “We live in a globalized age and opportunities like these allow students to broaden their horizons and get a competitive advantage,” said Chapman.This agreement adds to an already robust lineup of international articulation opportunities for SPSCC graduates, such as Business Administration with the Cork Institute of Technology in Ireland and Philosophy with Otago University in New Zealand.  “I am very excited that SPSCC students can now transfer to internationally recognized universities and technical institutes in London, Paris, Ireland, and New Zealand,” said Chapman.  He also stated that further discussions are underway to explore an Anthropology agreement with Goldsmiths, University of London.For more information on SPSCC’s articulation agreements and opportunities, visit read more


first_imgHOLLENDORFER REPRESENTED BY THREE FILLIES IN FIELD OF NINE, ENCHANTING LADY & RATTATAPTAP TRY TWO TURNS FOR THE FIRST TIME & MOTION’S WELL-ACCOMPLISHED TURF RUNNER RAINHA DA BATERIA TO MAKE INITIAL DIRT START ARCADIA, Calif. (Feb. 25, 2015)–A sharp second in the Grade I, one mile Las Virgenes Stakes Jan. 31, Jerry Hollendorfer’s Light the City, Bob Baffert’s comebacking stakes winner, Enchanting Lady, and trainer Jeff Bonde’s Rattataptap head a competitive field of nine 3-year-old fillies in Saturday’s Grade III, $100,000 Santa Ysabel Stakes at a mile and one sixteenth.Light the City, one of three Hollendorfer entrants, stalked the pace in the Las Virgenes and missed by a half length in her first try around two turns at odds of 7-1. A first-out maiden special weight winner going six furlongs on Aug. 24 at Del Mar, Light the City took Santa Anita’s six furlong Anoakia Stakes in her next start on Oct. 12. A Kentucky-bred filly by Street Sense, she was a well beaten fifth as the 5-2 favorite two starts back in the Grade II Santa Ynez Stakes going 6 ½ furlongs Jan. 3.Owned by Cheyenne Stables, LLC, Light the City has two wins, a second and a third from five starts and has earnings of $166,900. She’ll be ridden back by Kent Desormeaux.Hollendorfer will also be represented by Achiever’s Legacy, who was third, beaten 3 ½ lengths by Light the City in the Las Virgenes. A Kentucky-bred filly by City Zip, Achiever’s Legacy was a first-out maiden special weight winner going five furlongs on turf at Gulfstream Park on June 27. Purchased privately following the maiden score, she was a handy winner of the seven furlong Desi Arnaz Stakes three starts back on Nov. 16 at Del Mar.An even fifth in the Grade I, 1 1/16 miles Starlet at Los Alamitos two starts back on Dec. 13, Achiever’s Legacy would benefit from a fast pace on Saturday. Owned by Campbell, Cellucci, Horowitz and partners, she is 7-2-0-2 overall with earnings of $132,060.Hollendorfer is also well represented by Fox Hill Farms’ Glory, who employed front-running tactics in the mile and one sixteenth California Oaks at Golden Gate Fields Feb. 7, missing by a neck under Russell Baze at odds of 4-5. She was a two length maiden special weight winner two starts back going 6 ½ furlongs at Santa Anita and can be expected to be on or near the early Santa Ysabel lead Saturday.Baffert’s Enchanting Lady, idle since a runaway 6 ¼ length win in the 5 ½ furlong Landaluce Stakes at Santa Anita June 22, was brilliant in victory and is training as though she could be sitting on a top performance first-off the bench. A Kentucky-bred daughter of Tale of the Cat, Enchanting Lady is owned by Kaleem Shah, Inc., and was purchased for $650,000 at Ocala Breeders 2-year-olds in training sale last March. She’ll be making her third career start and is expected to show plenty of early speed in her first two-turn assignment.An impressive 4 ¾ length allowance winner going six furlongs on Jan. 29, Rattataptap, by top sire Tapit, has an abundance of speed but appears tractable in what will be her first start around two turns. A first-out maiden special weight winner from off the pace going 6 ½ furlongs at Del Mar Nov. 29, she was distanced after breaking poorly at 4-1 in her second start, the Grade II, 6 ½ furlong Santa Ynez Stakes on Jan. 3. Owned by Mark DeDomenico, LLC, Jerry Durant and Michael House, Rattataptap has two wins from three starts.A dedicated deep closer, trainer Graham Motion’s Rainha Da Bateria was a Grade III winner going 1 1/16 miles on turf four starts back at Keeneland Oct. 8 and comes off a troubled third, beaten two lengths at 6-5, in the one mile turf Blue Norther Stakes Jan. 1 at Santa Anita. Although there’s no doubt about her ability to route, the Broken Vow filly will try the main track for the first time Saturday. Owned by Three Chimneys Farm, Rainha Da Bateria is 6-2-1-1 with earnings of $184,160.A first-out maiden special weight winner going 6 ½ furlongs down Santa Anita’s hillside turf course Feb. 1, Warren Williamson’s homebred Curlin’s Fox retains the services of Mike Smith and is conditioned by Carla Gaines. Trainer John Sadler will send out Virginia-bred Stellar Wind, an 8 ¾ length maiden special weight winner going a flat mile at Laurel on Dec. 18. She was purchased privately by Hronis Racing, LLC following the Maryland win, which was her second career start.Although still a maiden after eight starts, trainer Keith Desormeaux’s Danette was third, beaten five lengths, four starts back in the Grade I, 1 1/16 miles Chandelier Stakes and subsequently fifth, beaten just 1 ½ lengths in the Grade I, 1 1/16 miles Breeders’ Cup Juvenile Fillies on Nov. 1.The complete field for the Grade III Santa Ysabel, to be run as the eighth race on a nine-race program Saturday, with jockeys and weights in post position order: Danette, Fernando Perez, 119; Curlin’s Fox, Mike Smith, 119; Enchanting Lady, Martin Garcia, 119; Achiever’s Legacy, Gary Stevens, 119; Rainha Da Bateria, Tiago Pereira, 121; Light the City, Kent Desormeaux, 119; Rattataptap, Rafael Bejarano, 119; Stellar Wind, Victor Espinoza, 119, and Glory, Drayden Van Dyke, 119.                First post time on Saturday is at 12:30 p.m. Admission gates open at 10:30 a.m. –30–last_img read more